"Dark Matter"





Quartz sand (SH – F01)


985 x 1357 x 589 mm | 157 kg (withour support box)  

Dark Matter was exhibited at Formnext (fair for 3D printing) in Frankfurt (Germany) from November 19 to 22, 2019. There it was selected as a finalist for the purmundus challenge 2019 .

Available on request

Minimaforms Dark matter ExOne GmbH Kugeln Schwarz

London (UK), 2019

Dark Matter

Dark Matter takes its name from the speculative formational simulations of dark matter structures that are constructed to describe swarms of galaxies to dust and plasma. It is a cosmological construct that articulates new conceptions of our understanding of the universe.

Working through this inspirational thought construct, Minimaforms conceptualized a strategy to explore Sandhelden´s sand printing process and the complex structuring of time-based form through particle-based cellular growth structures.

Cells stimulated to interconnect through forces and internal accumulative rules create an iterative process to construct a prototype of the most basic of human-designed objects, a chair.

Minimaforms´ chair prototype is a moment in time that utilizes particle scaling and clustering to create a prototype that can iterate for structuring density and resolution based performance.



Brothers Stephen and Theodore Spyropoulos founded Minimaforms as an experimental art, architecture and design studio. Beyond medium or disciplinary distinction their pursuits have set out to explore projects that challenge and articulate a space in-between.


Themes that have ranged from constructed participatory atmospheres that animate the built environment through conversation in renowned works like Memory Cloud to behavior-based robotics that speculate on emotive relationships with AI robots in work like the Petting Zoo.  Attempts over the last fifteen years have conceptualized frameworks that foster diverse strands of enquiry through design.


The work of Minimaforms has been acquired by international art and architecture collections that include the FRAC Centre Orleans, the Signum Foundation and the Archigram Archive. They were named Creative Review’s “One to Watch.”

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